Effect of Synbiotics Supplementation in Feed on Tegal Male Duck’s Internal Organs

Ning Iriyanti, Bambang Hartoyo

Abstract


The aim of this research was to review the application of synbiotics in duck feed towards its gastrointestinal and internal organs’ effectivity. The study was carried out to 60 two-months old drake. The feed given to the research subjects consisted of soybean meal, fishmeal, methionine, lysine (PT. CJeil Jedang Tbk. Indonesia), corn, bran, oil, premix, CaCO3 and synbiotics (Lactobacillus sp. and inulin prebiotics). The ratio of feed was based on isoprotein and isocalorie, with 19% of protein and 2900 kcal/kg of metabolic energy. The research was under a fully randomized in vivo experimental method with 4 treatments and 5 replicates, using 3 drakes each. These treatments were R0: controlled feed, with 0% of synbiotics; R1: feed with 2% of synbiotics; R2: feed with 4% of synbiotics; and R3: feed with 6% of synbiotics. Data obtained were subject to analysis of variance. The results show that the use of synbiotics in feed does not have any significance on the weight and length of duodenum, jejunum, and ileum. It also does not have any significance on the weight of gall, pancreas, gizzard, liver and heart. In conclusion, feed with 6% or less of synbiotics can be used without affecting the physical condition of gastrointestinal (weight and length) and internal organ (weight)



Full Text:

PDF

References


Ade, A. 2002. Carcass weight percentage and internal organ of Broiler Chicken Fed with taro leaf powder (Coiocasia esculenta L.) in ration. Undergraduate thesis. Faculty of Animal Science, Bogor Agriculture Institute. Bogor.

Amrullah, I. K. 2004. Broiler Nutrition. Self-Farming series. Lembaga Satu Gunungbudi, Bogor.

Anggorodi. 1995. General Feedstuff Study. Gramedia Pustaka Utama,. Jakarta

Austic, R.E. and Nesheim. 1990. Poultry Production, 13th ed. Lea and Febiger. Philadelph. London. p.29-30.

Blackly, J. dan Bade D. H. 1991. Breeding Science. Edisi Keempat. Gadjah Mada University Press. Yogyakarta.

Crueger, W. and A. Crueger. 1990. Biotechnology: A Textbook of Industrial Microbiology. Editor Thomas D Brock. Sinauer Associates, Sunderland, MA

Dwipayanti, Yuli., 2008. Internal organ profile and hispathology of intestine and liver of local chicken infected with Ascaridia galli treated with jatropha leaf powder (Jathropa curcas L.). Undergraduate thesis. Department of Animal Nutrition and Feedstuff. Faculty of Animal Science. Bogor Agriculture Institute.

Ensminger, M.E., 1980. Poultry Science. 2nd ed. The Interstate Printers and Publishers, Inc. Danville, Illinois. p. 32.33.

Fuller, R. 1989. Probiotic In Man and Animal J. Appl. Bacterial. Hal 365-378.

Ganong, W.F. 1995. Textbook of Medical Physiology. Translated by Petrus, Penerbit Kedokteran EGC, Jakarta.

Guyton, A.C. dan Hall. 2000. Textbook of Medical Physiology. Ed ke-9. Translated by Irawati Setiawan. EGC, Jakarta.

Iriyanti, N. dan E. A.Rimbawanto. 2001. Probiotic inoculation of Lactobacillus sp. Derived from local chicken to improve layer performance. Research report. Faculty of Animal ScienceUNSOED.

Iyayi 2005. Effect of three sources of fibre and period of feeding on the performance, carcass measures, organs relative weight and meat quality in broilers. Int J Poult Sci 4:695–700.

Jin, J. Z., Y. W., Ho. N. Abdullah and S. Jalaludin. 1997. Probiotic in Poultry: Modes of Action. J. World Poultry Science. Hal 351-368.

Langhout,P.2000. New Additives for broiler chicken. Feed Mix. The International Journal on feed, Nutrition and Technology 9(6):24 – 27

Mangisah,I,HI. Wahyuni, Tristiarti , S. Sumarsih and S. Setyaningrum. 2010. Nutritive Value of Fermented Water Hyacinth (Eichornia crassipes). Leaf with Aspergillus niger in Tegal Duck. J. Anim. Prod.12 (2):100‐104. May,2010.

Mc lelland, J. 1990. A. Colour Atlas of Avian Anatomy. Walfe Publishing Ltd., London, England.

Nabib, R. 1987. Pathology for Veterinary. 3rd Ed. Pathology Department. Faculty of Veterinarian. Bogor Agriculture Institute, Bogor.

Nickel, R. A., A. Schummer, E. Seiferie, W. G. Siller and R. A. L. Wight. 1997. Anatomy of The Domestic Birds. Verlap Paul Parey, Berlin.

North, M.O. dan D.D. Bell. 1990. Commercial Chicken Production Manual. 4th Edition. An Avi Book, Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York.

Piliang, W. G. dan S. Djojosoebagio. 1990. Metabolism of Fat, Protein and Crude Fiber. Nutrition Physiology I. Bogor Agriculture Institute Press. Bogor.

Putnam, P. A. 1991. Hand Book of Animal Science. Academic Press, San Diego.

Purwanti, S. Zuprizal, Tri Yuwanta and Supadmo. 2015. Phytobiotic Utilization as Feed Additive in Feed for Pancreatic Enzyme Activity of Broiler Chicken. J. Anim. Prod. 17(3):154-160, Sept 2015.

Ressang, A. A. 1984. Pathology for Veterinarian. Edisi kedua. NV Percetakan Bali, Denpasar.

Rodríguez-Lecompte J.C., Brady J., Camelo-Jaimes G., Sharif S., Crow G., Ramirez-Yanez G., Guenter W. and House J.D. 2010. Intestinal characterization of avian defensins and cytokines after the early administration of probiotic with organic acids in broilers. Avian Immunology Research Group. Budapest, Hungary

Rukmiasih, Harapin Hafidh H., Harry T. Uhi, S.Y. 2002. High fiber feed and vitamin E supplement on the performance of Mandalung duck. Laboratory of beef cattle nutrition and Keria Faculty of Animal Science. Bogor Agriculture Institute.

Sofyaningsih, M. 2003. Effect of cassava leaf powder on final body weight, digestive tract percentage and internal organ of Mandalung duck (Mule Duck). Faculty of Animal Science. Bogor Agriculture Institute, Bogor.

Steel, R.G.D. and Torrie. 1994. Principle and Procedures of Statistics : Second Ed. McGraw-Hill Book Company

Sugito, Manalu, W., Astuti, D. A., Handharyani, E. dan Chairul., 2007. Intestine morphometric and performance of Broiler chicken fed under heat stress and n-hexane extract of ‘jaloh’ bark peel (Salix tetrasperma Rozb). Media Peternakan 30:198-206.

Sultan A, Durrani FR, Suhail SM, Ismail M, Durrani Z and Naila Chand. 2006. Comparative effects of yogurt as probiotic on the performance of broiler chicks. Pakistan J Biol Sci 9:88–92.

Sumiati, 2003. Percentage of digestive tract weigh and internal organ of male local duck (Anas platyrhyncos) fed on varied level of kayambang (Salvina motesta) in feed. Department of Nutrition and Animal Feed. Faculty of Animal Science. Bogor Agriculture Institute.

Syamsuhaidi. 1997. Duckweed (famili lemnaceae) as high protein fibre feed in broiler chicken. Dissertation. Graduate School. Bogor Agriculture Institute. Bogor.

Wasilewski, R. Dariusz Kokoszyński, Anna Mieczkowska, 2014. Structure of the digestive system of ducks depending on sex and genetic background. 1UTP University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Animal Breeding and Biology, Department of Poultry Breeding and Animal Products Evaluation, Bydgoszcz, Poland.

Widyastuti, Y. dan E. Soarianawati. 1999. Character of lactic acid bacteria Ka Enterococcus sp. Isolated from cattle digestive tract. J. mikrobiologi Indonesia. 4 (2): 50-53.

Zainal, Y, 2007. Effect of compete silage ration on internal organ of male Mojosari alabio duck. Undergraduate thesis. Department of Nutrition and Animal Feed. Faculty of Animal Science. Bogor Agriculture Institute.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Powered by OJS | Design by ThemeOJS